A Guide to Common Commands in Command Prompt

Command Prompt, also known as CMD or Command Line Interface (CLI), is a powerful tool in Windows that allows users to interact with the operating system through text-based commands. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced user, understanding some of the common commands can greatly enhance your productivity and troubleshooting skills.

1. cd (Change Directory)

The “cd” command is used to navigate between directories. For example, “cd Documents” will take you to the Documents folder.

2. dir (Directory)

The “dir” command lists the files and folders within the current directory.

3. mkdir (Make Directory)

With “mkdir,” you can create a new directory. For instance, “mkdir NewFolder” will create a folder named “NewFolder.”

4. del (Delete)

The “del” command is used to delete files. For example, “del myfile.txt” will delete the file named “myfile.txt.”

5. ren (Rename)

The “ren” command allows you to rename files or folders. For instance, “ren oldname.txt newname.txt” will rename the file from “oldname.txt” to “newname.txt.”

6. ipconfig (IP Configuration)

The “ipconfig” command displays the IP configuration for all network interfaces on your computer.

7. ping

The “ping” command is used to check the connectivity between your computer and a specific IP address or domain name. For example, “ping” will send a request to Google’s servers and show the response time.

These are just a few of the many commands available in Command Prompt. Exploring and learning more commands can help you become more proficient in using the CLI and make your Windows experience more efficient.

Remember, when using Command Prompt, it’s essential to be cautious and double-check your commands, as some commands can have irreversible effects on your system.